Life Sciences - Non-medicine

Working together, researchers at the University of Illinois and the University of Sinaloa, Mexico, have developed a new method of nixtamalization, the process of treating corn in an alkaline solution, that yields a higher-quality masa dough and/or instant masa flour than traditional nixtamalization processes.
This technology is a new method for the genetic screening of dairy cattle. Researchers at the University of Illinois, in collaboration with Israeli dairy researchers, have isolated a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on the Bovine ABCG2 gene in Holstein Cows which increases the fat and protein content of milk. Using a DNA test kit, farmers can quickly and easily isolate the "super-producers" within their herd. Once the cattle have been identified, farmers can use selective breeding to increase the overall net production of their cows.
In regions that traditionally support cereal crops, penetration of the viticulture industry has been difficult because of widespread use of 2,4-D broadleaf-weed killer on large industrial fields. Typical formulations of the ubiquitous herbicide are highly volatile and are prone to drifting long distances.
This invention is a new form of no-contact dust separation technology designed to clean very dusty or polluted air with little maintenance and low energy costs, removing most of the harmful respirable particles smaller than 10 μm.
More than three million people worldwide are afflicted with disorders caused by micronutrient deficiencies that are often preventable.